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REMEDIAL BIOLOGY (THEORY)



UNIT I



1. Living world










2. Morphology of Flowering plants







UNIT II




1. Body fluids and circulation
















2. Digestion and Absorption




3. Breathing and respiration




UNIT III




1. Excretory products and their elimination





2. Neural control and coordination




3. Chemical coordination and regulation




4. Human reproduction




UNIT IV




1. Plants and mineral nutrition






2. Photosynthesis




UNIT V




1. Plant respiration






2. Plant growth and development






4. Tissues




UNIT I


Living world:


• Definition and characters of living organisms


• Diversity in the livingworld


• Binomial nomenclature


• Five kingdoms of life and basis of classification. Salient features ofMonera, Potista, Fungi, Animalia and Plantae, Virus, Morphology of Flowering plants


• Morphology of different parts of flowering plants – Root, stem,inflorescence, flower, leaf, fruit, seed. • General Anatomy of Root, stem, leaf of monocotyledons &Dicotylidones.


UNIT II


Body fluids and circulation


• Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood


• Composition and functions of lymph


• Human circulatory system


• Structure of human heart and blood vessels


• Cardiac cycle, cardiac output and ECG Digestion and Absorption • Human alimentary canal and digestive glands


• Role of digestive enzymes


• Digestion, absorption and assimilation of digested food Breathing and respiration • Human respiratory system


• Mechanism of breathing and its regulation


• Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration • Respiratory volumes


UNIT III


Excretory products and their elimination


• Modes of excretion


• Human excretory system- structure and function


• Urine formation


• Rennin angiotensin system Neural control and coordination


• Definition and classification of nervous system


• Structure of a neuron


• Generation and conduction of nerve impulse


• Structure of brain and spinal cord


• Functions of cerebrum, cerebellum, hypothalamus and medulla oblongata Chemical coordination and regulation


• Endocrine glands and their secretions


• Functions of hormones secreted by endocrine glands Human reproduction


• Parts of female reproductive system


• Parts of male reproductive system


• Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis


• Menstrual cycle


UNIT IV


Plants and mineral nutrition:


• Essential mineral, macro and micronutrients


• Nitrogen metabolism, Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation Photosynthesis